By Robert Wisnovsky
The eleventh-century thinker and doctor Abu Ali ibn Sina (d. A.D. 1037) was once identified within the West via his Latinized identify Avicenna. An research of the assets and evolution of Avicenna's metaphysics, this ebook makes a speciality of the solutions he and his predecessors gave to 2 basic pairs of questions: what's the soul and the way does it reason the physique; and what's God and the way does He reason the realm? to reply to those demanding situations, Avicenna invented new recommendations and differences and reinterpreted previous ones. the writer concludes that Avicenna's techniques are a turning element within the background of metaphysics. Avicenna's metaphysics is the end result of a interval of synthesis within which philosophers fused jointly a Neoplatonic venture (reconciling Plato with Aristotle) with a Peripatetic venture (reconciling Aristotle with himself). Avicenna additionally stands first and foremost of a interval within which philosophers sought to combine the Arabic model of the sooner synthesis with Islamic doctrinal theology (kalam). Avicenna's metaphysics considerably inspired ecu scholastic concept, however it had a good extra profound effect on Islamic highbrow history-the philosophical difficulties and possibilities linked to the Avicennian synthesis persisted to be debated as much as the top of the 19th century.