Battle of Actium (Great Battles Through the Ages) - download pdf or read online

Teen Young Adult

By David J. Califf Ph.d.

ISBN-10: 0791074404

ISBN-13: 9780791074404

ISBN-10: 1438122055

ISBN-13: 9781438122052

Recounts occasions best as much as and surrounding the 31 B.C. conflict of Actium throughout the Roman Civil conflict, in addition to its long-lasting effects.

Show description

Read Online or Download Battle of Actium (Great Battles Through the Ages) PDF

Best teen & young adult books

Adobe Photoshop and Photoshop Elements for Teens - download pdf or read online

You notice them in magazines, cross them round in emails, and run throughout them all over on the internet - awfully cool, loopy, and occasionally unusual photos that you just recognize were doctored utilizing Photoshop. have you checked out them and puzzled, ''How did they do this? '' Adobe Photoshop and Photoshop components for teenagers is stuffed with the information and strategies you'll want to recognize to take advantage of those strong courses to create your individual extraordinary photos or retouch your electronic pictures.

New PDF release: Herman Melville (Bloom's Modern Critical Views)

Means that Melville's rejection of biblical theology reveals robust expression all through all of his later fictional prose and his verse. This identify gathers jointly many of the feedback at the works of Melville, together with Moby-Dick, Typee, Omoo, The Piazza stories, and Benito Cereno.

101 Tough Questions, 101 Straight Answers - download pdf or read online

What percentage occasions have the questions coming up in our minds looked as if it would stay unanswerable? How frequently have we repeated those inquiries to those who additionally didn't be aware of the solutions? and the way repeatedly have they requested us questions that we additionally can't solution? Lucas Leys offers one hundred and one tricky questions besides direct solutions for every one.

Extra resources for Battle of Actium (Great Battles Through the Ages)

Sample text

Although Octavian tried to capitalize on Antony’s blunders, his own successes were almost certainly of greater consequence. , he had successfully completed the wars in Illyricum, and many generals who supported him were equally successful in Spain and Africa. With these victories came financial resources, which Octavian wisely funneled into public works projects in Rome, including both new construction and the restoration of old temples, bath houses, and other public facilities. Under the supervision of Agrippa, there were substantial improvements to the aqueduct and sewer systems.

Perhaps the official ending date was not even clear at the time. In any case, the supposed expiration seems to have had little effect on Antony, who continued to call himself triumvir and, as a semidivine king in Alexandria, presided over a vast Eastern empire. Octavian’s hold on power in Italy was considerably more tenuous. Although he retained his provincial commands in Spain, Gaul, Africa, Sicily, and Sardinia, without the title of triumvir he would have no legal power in Rome or anywhere in Italy.

If Rome ever needed to expand, that objective could be accomplished by land forces working in Italy to subdue the neighboring tribes. The chief threat of external attack came from the Gauls in the north, but they could also be repulsed by land forces. Rome, therefore, found itself with little need of a navy either to protect commerce, extend its territory, or defend itself. The largest sea power at the time was the North African city of Carthage, in modern Tunisia. As the commercial capital of I 63 64 BATTLE OF ACTIUM the Mediterranean, Carthage controlled ports throughout the western half of the sea, in Spain, northern Africa, Sardinia, and Sicily, and supplied the trading needs of at least 5 million people.

Download PDF sample

Battle of Actium (Great Battles Through the Ages) by David J. Califf Ph.d.

by Donald

Rated 4.30 of 5 – based on 5 votes