Download e-book for kindle: Aristotle's Ethics: Moral Development and Human Nature by Hope May
By Hope May
Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics is dedicated to the subject of human happiness. but, even though Aristotle's belief of happiness is valuable to his entire philosophical undertaking, there's a lot controversy surrounding it. wish could bargains a brand new interpretation of Aristotle's account of happiness - one that comprises Aristotle's perspectives in regards to the organic improvement of humans. may perhaps argues that the connection among the ethical virtues, the highbrow virtues, and happiness, is better understood throughout the lens of developmentalism. in this view, happiness emerges from the cultivation of a few virtues which are developmentally similar. may perhaps is going directly to exhibit how modern scholarship in psychology, moral conception and criminal philosophy signs a go back to Aristotelian ethics. in particular, may possibly exhibits how a idea of motivation referred to as Self-Determination idea and up to date learn on target attainment have deep affinities to Aristotle s moral idea. may perhaps argues that this contemporary paintings can flooring a latest advantage concept that recognizes the centrality of autonomy in a fashion that captures the elemental tenets of Aristotle s ethics.
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Extra resources for Aristotle's Ethics: Moral Development and Human Nature (Continuum Studies in Ancient Philosophy)
In the case of the craftsman, the content of his calling is prescribed by the nature of his craft. In the case of a human being, the target of man’s natural development—that is, the idion, prescribes the content of man’s calling. Further, Aristotle commits no compositional fallacy when he infers that man has an ergon from the fact that the body parts of man each have their own ergon. For in the case of human beings, the body as a whole exists for some rational activity. As Aristotle says, it is because he has intelligence (phronêsis) that man has hands: Hands are an instrument; and Nature, like a sensible human being, always assigns an organ to the animal that can use it .
After all, intellectualism implies that it is possible for a flourishing life to be devoid of ethically virtuous activity. 15 [I]f you manage to escape detection, then certain injustices might bring you more contemplation than less. For example, if you ignore the needs of your parents, and no one finds out about this neglect, then your standing in the community will not suffer, and you will have more time for theoretical activity. 16 Many have found intellectualism unacceptable since it implies that one can flourish while ignoring the needs of one’s family, friends, and community.
Contrast Namiki’s desire for food with his desire to go to the market to buy silver. The latter desire does not just “happen” to Namiki, nor does the completion of this task satisfy one of Namiki’s urges. The desire to go to the market emerges as part of Namiki’s recipe for making the silver pen and hence is part of the means by which this goal is 28 Aristotle’s Ethics realized. Namiki, of course, must perform the necessary means in order to make a pen. Without performing these means, no pen will be produced.
Aristotle's Ethics: Moral Development and Human Nature (Continuum Studies in Ancient Philosophy) by Hope May