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Optics

By Rudolf Kingslake

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More details from this set of data are shown in Fig. 3. 19 Scattering geometry for the BSDF data presented in Fig. 18. 20 Reciprocity of BSDF. , BSDF(␪1 , ␪2 ) = BSDF(␪2 , ␪1 ). 31) which means that the BSDF must be the same if the incident and scattered rays are reversed, as shown in Fig. 20. The ratio of total power scattered by a surface in the reflected or transmitted direction to the power incident on it is called the total integrated scatter (TIS), which is equal to the integral of the BSDF over the projected solid angle of the hemisphere: 2␲ ␲/2 BSDF sin (␪s ) cos (␪s ) d␪s d␾.

1, optical radiation includes the ultraviolet, visible, and infrared portions of the electromagnetic spectrum. This chapter presents a brief review of the radiometric concepts needed to perform basic stray light analysis. One of the most important results of this chapter is the first-order stray light model of an optical system given in Eq. 47, because it can be used to obtain an estimate of the stray light performance of a system. It can also be used to validate some of the results obtained using stray light analysis software.

14 Quantities used in the definition of irradiance. 15 Relationship between point source intensity I and irradiance E. 27) where ␪i and ␾i are the elevation and azimuth angles of the incident ray, ␪s and ␾s are the elevation and azimuth angles of the scattered ray (as shown in Fig. 32) can also be written in terms of the differential scattered flux per differential projected solid angle d s/d s, normalized by the differential incident flux d i as BSDF = d (d d s . 28) The units of BSDF are 1/sr.

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Applied optics and optical engineering,Vol.IV by Rudolf Kingslake


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