Get An Introduction to Fire Dynamics, Third Edition PDF
By Dougal Drysdale(auth.)
Chapter 1 hearth technology and Combustion (pages 1–34):
Chapter 2 warmth move (pages 35–82):
Chapter three Limits of Flammability and Premixed Flames (pages 83–119):
Chapter four Diffusion Flames and fireplace Plumes (pages 121–179):
Chapter five regular Burning of beverages and Solids (pages 181–223):
Chapter 6 Ignition: The Initiation of Flaming Combustion (pages 225–275):
Chapter 7 unfold of Flame (pages 277–315):
Chapter eight Spontaneous Ignition inside Solids and Smouldering Combustion (pages 317–348):
Chapter nine The Pre?Flashover Compartment fireplace (pages 349–386):
Chapter 10 The Post?Flashover Compartment hearth (pages 387–439):
Chapter eleven Smoke: Its Formation, Composition and flow (pages 441–474):
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Additional resources for An Introduction to Fire Dynamics, Third Edition
Heat is produced) and the value of Hc will depend on whether the water in the products is in the form of liquid or vapour. The difference will be the latent heat of evaporation of water (44 kJ/mol at 25◦ C). Thus for propane, the two values are: Hc (C3 H8 ) = −2220 kJ/mol (the gross heat of combustion) Hc (C3 H8 ) = −2044 kJ/mol (the net heat of combustion) where the products are liquid water and water vapour, respectively. In flames and fires, the water remains as vapour and consequently it is more appropriate to use the latter value.
This may be used to estimate the rate of heat release in a fully developed, ventilation-controlled compartment fire if the rate of air 5 In oxygen consumption calorimetry, the heat release rate is based on relatively small changes in the concentration of oxygen, requiring analytical equipment of the highest standard. Concentrations of CO2 and CO are much easier to determine as the ‘zero value’ is vanishingly small. 2). While this discussion has focused on the determination of rate of heat release, it should be noted that measurements obtained in the cone calorimeter (and the FTA) can be used to calculate an effective heat of combustion of the fuel (kJ/g) simply as the ratio of the total heat release (kJ) to the total mass loss (g).
1). The same physics applies to a fully developed compartment fire when large temperature differences exist across the compartment boundaries (see Chapter 10). 2). , water, n-hexane) will evaporate as molecules escape from the surface to form vapour. ) If the system is closed (cf. 8(a)), a state of kinetic equilibrium will be achieved when the partial pressure of the vapour above the surface reaches a level at which there is no further net evaporative loss. 13) where p o is the equilibrium vapour pressure and Lv is the latent heat of evaporation (Moore, 1972; Atkins and de Paula, 2006).
An Introduction to Fire Dynamics, Third Edition by Dougal Drysdale(auth.)