Alexander of Aphrodisias : ethical problems by Alexander of Aphrodisias, R.W. Sharples PDF
By Alexander of Aphrodisias, R.W. Sharples
Alexander of Aphrodisias - the prime old commentator on Aristotle - deals interpretations to do with ethical advantage, the factors for judging activities voluntary, and so forth. Translation of textual content with observation and notes
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Additional info for Alexander of Aphrodisias : ethical problems
76 Literally 'more common', koinoteron. Contrast above, P. Eth. ; 6 126,11; Madigan (1987) 1276 and n. 23. Perhaps the thought is that a virtuous action may involve the pain of physical effort without occasioning distress. 77 A euphemism: 'not like this' is equivalent to 'are to be avoided'. 32 Problem 7 78 chosen. 79 And the reason why not all pleasure is a good is that 20 not all distress is an evil either. 80 Even for those who suppose that all distress is an evil, it does not necessarily follow either that all pleasure is a good or that it is all an evil, [even] accepting that pleasure is opposed to distress.
111 As often, the title relates to the opening section of the Problem rather than to 35 131,1 5 10 15 40 20 25 30 Problem 11 both the rational and the irrational; and 'wickedness' does not do so because some is by excess and some by deficiency. So too 'involuntary' (akousion) does not have several [senses] because it covers both what is due to compulsion (bia) and what is due to ignorance. For these are parts or species of the involuntary. But if 'involuntary' does not have several senses, this can no longer be used to impugn the commonplace113 which asserts 'if one of the opposites has several senses, so does the other', [by claiming that] the voluntary does not have several senses, while the involuntary, which is its opposite, does.
As elsewhere, Alexander uses Stoic terminology to express a non-Stoic point. Cf. W. Sharpies, Alexander of Aphrodisias On Fate, London 1983, 18 and n. 113, and above, Introduction n. 3. The hybrid expression koine prolepsis at 129,15 (noted by Professor Sorabji) is one that is found also in other philosophical writers of the imperial period; whether it is one that the Stoics themselves would have used is debated (cf. Sandbach, op. , 22-4, and, contra, Todd, op. , 73 and n. 79). 1, 1110al-4). 1,1110a4-19).
Alexander of Aphrodisias : ethical problems by Alexander of Aphrodisias, R.W. Sharples