A Free Will: Origins of the Notion in Ancient Thought - download pdf or read online
By Michæl Frede, A. A. Long, David Sedley
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Extra resources for A Free Will: Origins of the Notion in Ancient Thought
But the will is called prohairesis, rather than boulēsis, to mark that it is an ability to make choices, of which willings are just products. This indeed is the ﬁrst time that we have any notion of a will. This notion of a will is clearly developed to pinpoint the source of our responsibility for our actions and to identify precisely what it is that makes them our own doings. Chrysippus The Emergence of a Notion of Will in Stoicism / 47 had said that it is up to us, for instance, to cross the street or not.
But he also, given the age he lives in and his social background, has no difficulty with the assumption that human nature is highly complex and thus extremely difficult to reproduce adequately in gross matter. Thus he has no difﬁculty in assuming that most human beings are such imperfect realizations of human nature that they have little or no hope of becoming virtuous and wise. He also has no difficulty with the assumption that most human beings lack a good upbringing. We shall see that this way of thinking will increasingly offend the sensibilities of later antiquity.
In any case, he lacks this notion. For Aristotle a good life is not a matter of a free will but of hard work and hard thought, always presupposing the proper realization of human nature in the individual, and a good upbringing, which unfortunately many are without. chapter three The Emergence of a Notion of Will in Stoicism unipartite psychology: reason, impression, impulse, and assent As we have seen, for Aristotle to have had a notion of the will, he would have had to have the appropriate notion of a choice.
A Free Will: Origins of the Notion in Ancient Thought by Michæl Frede, A. A. Long, David Sedley